But Mark, apart from formalizing a normal relationship between the two countries, what does this agreement really do? And what did both sides get and give up? It sounds like you`re saying this somewhat counterintuitively, because Netanyahu is at least publicly pushing for the annexation of the West Bank – which he may have been secretly grateful for the opportunity to stop. A significant push for a deal began when Israel did not begin annexing the West Bank on July 1, as Netanyahu had indicated. The Emiratis reportedly took the opportunity to promise full normalization of relations if annexation were removed from the table. It was the subtext of a commentary published by the Emirati ambassador to the United States in June in Israel`s largest daily Yedioth Ahronoth. Sympathetic to Israel`s strong desire to expand the country`s formal diplomatic relations with the Arab nations of the Persian Gulf and to seize Emirati signals, Donald J. The Trump administration oversaw the three-way diplomacy that led to the Abraham Accords. Each Party shall recognize the right of ships of the other Party to pass through its territorial waters in accordance with international law. Each Party shall grant normal access to its ports to ships and cargoes of the other Party, as well as to ships and cargoes to or from the other Party. Such access shall be granted under the same conditions as those generally applicable to ships and cargoes of other nations.
The Parties shall conclude, as appropriate, agreements and arrangements in maritime matters. Oman`s government has publicly supported the deal (which it has called “historic”).  The Grand Mufti of Oman, Ahmed bin Hamad al-Khalili, indirectly criticized the treaty.  Iraqi government spokesman Ahmed Mulla Talal said that Iraq would not interfere in the sovereign affairs of other countries, but that its laws did not allow for the normalization of relations with Israel.  The agreement, known as the Abraham Accords, is the first of its kind since Israel and Jordan signed a peace treaty in 1994. But Prime Minister Netanyahu appeared to have withdrawn from the idea, at least for now, due to overwhelming international pressure. The Emiratis offered him a way out of the unpleasant political impasse. Amira Hass wrote that the deal was the product of the Palestinian Authority`s continued neglect in its relations with the Uae. According to Hass, diplomatic relations were severed by the PLO in 2012 to reject the UAE`s good relations with Mohammed Dahlan, the political enemy of PLO President Mahmoud Abbas. The ANP`s hostility towards the UAE continued until June 2020, when the PLO refused aid sent by the UAE during the COVID-19 pandemic on the grounds that it had been sent without prior consent and through an Israeli airport.
Hatred is a PLO that cares more about domestic politics than governance, contributing to economic decline and strained foreign relations.  Prime Minister Netanyahu said there was “no change” to his plans to annex parts of the West Bank if approved by the United States, but added that they would be temporarily put on hold.  Before the deal, plans to annex 30 percent of the West Bank were already on hold, as a majority of Israelis and government coalition partner Benny Gantz rejected the plan. Hundreds of thousands of Israeli settlers live in these areas, in addition to palestinians, who in practice were under Israeli control.  Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi said the agreement would pave the way for peace agreements with other countries and welcomed the suspension of unilateral annexation. Yesh Atid Chairman Yair Lapid hailed the deal as an “important step” for normalization with the UAE, saying it showed that mutual agreements were the way forward for Israel`s relations with other nations, rather than unilateral measures such as annexation. .